Indonesia’s new capital city will be relocated to the East Kalimantan province on Borneo Island, President Joko Widodo has declared. Jakarta, the current capital, is 'holding a too heavy burden as the center of governance, finance, business, trade, and services.'
President Widodo said that after an intensive geographical study, the government sees the province of East Kalimantan as the most suitable replacement for Jakarta, which is now heavily polluted and is more prone to natural disasters.
The current capital is overcrowded with a population of over 30 million. Moreover, the city is reportedly sinking gradually and is forecasted to face water scarcity by 2040.
In contrast to Jakarta, officials concluded that East Kalimantan is at low risk of natural calamities as the new site is known for its rich rainforests.
Furthermore, Mr. Widodo stated on a broadcast: "The location [East Kalimantan] is very strategic – it's in the center of Indonesia and close to urban areas.”
The government plans on making the new capital a 'smart city in the forest.'
Construction on the new site is expected to start in 2021, while the first residents are likely to relocate in 2024.
Featured image credit: Simpang Semanggi
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