1.35 million people killed in natural disasters over the last two decades


Over the last two decades, 1.35 million people were killed by natural hazards, half of them in earthquakes while other lost their lives due to weather and climate-related incidents. A large majority of these deaths have taken place in low- and mid- income countries, and it terms of numbers of dead per disaster and per 100 000 population, the highest price was paid by the poorest nations

7 056 disasters were reported around the globe in the period between 1996 and 2015, according to the Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT). In that period the frequency of geophysical disasters such as earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions, has remained broadly constant. However, a sustained rise in climate- and weather-related events such as floods, storms, and heat waves, was reported, accounting for the majority of disaster-related deaths.

Over the past forty years, weather and climate related disasters have doubled, and between 1996 and 2015, such incidents accounted for 6 392 events. 

The year 2015, which was the hottest on record, reported almost as many deaths due to heatwaves, as were killed in the Nepalese earthquake. Major reported droughts have also doubled, from 16 to 32, when compared to the annual average in the period between 2006 and 2015.

EM-DAT recorded 749 000 earthquake-related deaths over the last 20 years, and 357 000 lives were lost only in the period between 2006 and 2015, most of which in the Haiti earthquake in 2010. In the period between 1996 and 2005, earthquakes have claimed 392 000 lives, a number inflated by the devastating 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami.

Top 10 countries for disaster deaths in absolute numbers, 1996-2015. Image credit: CRED

Top 10 countries for disaster deaths in absolute numbers, 1996-2015 . Image credit: CRED

The EM-DAT study indicates the tsunamis were 16 times deadlier than ground movements in terms of the proportion of victims killed, a fact which makes tsunamis the deadliest major hazard on the planet. 

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, adopted by all UN states in March 2015, the global plan for reducing disaster losses, has set a goal of substantial reduction in global disaster mortality and has come to several key conclusions to aid in achieving the goal.

The high number of deaths resulting from earthquakes, including tsunamis over the last two decades is of deep concern, taking into the account the urbanization around the world in numerous seismic zones. This underlines the need to promote the mainstreaming of disaster risk assessments into land-use policy development and implementation, including urban planning, building codes and investing in earthquake-resistant infrastructure, houses, schools, health facilities and work places. It has been concluded that the private sector, and especially, the construction industry need to put a significant input into the goal.

Better data on the overall disaster mortality, especially resultant from weather and climate-related incidents is necessary, but also a higher focus on alleviating the impact of climate change on countries actively contributing to greenhouse gas emissions, which suffer disproportionate life losses because of extreme weather events, induced by the rising sea level and global warming.

Featured image: Tsunami damage, Solomon Islands, 2007. Image credit: AusAID (Flickr-CC)

If you value what we do here, create your ad-free account and support our journalism.


Your support makes a difference

Dear valued reader,

We hope that our website has been a valuable resource for you.

The reality is that it takes a lot of time, effort, and resources to maintain and grow this website. We rely on the support of readers like you to keep providing high-quality content.

If you have found our website to be helpful, please consider making a contribution to help us continue to bring you the information you need. Your support means the world to us and helps us to keep doing what we love.

Support us by choosing your support level – Silver, Gold or Platinum. Other support options include Patreon pledges and sending us a one-off payment using PayPal.

Thank you for your consideration. Your support is greatly appreciated.

Teo Blašković

$5 /month

  • Ad-free account
  • Clean user interface and fast browsing
  • Direct communication with us via chat and email
  • Suggest new features, content and applications
  • Early access to new apps and features

$50 /year

$10 /month

  • Ad-free account
  • Clean user interface and fast browsing
  • Direct communication with us via chat and email
  • Suggest new features, content and applications
  • Early access to new apps and features

$100 /year

$25 /month

  • Ad-free account
  • Clean user interface and fast browsing
  • Direct communication with us via chat and email
  • Suggest new features, content and applications
  • Early access to new apps and features

$200 /year

You can also support us on Patreon

support us on patreon

or by sending us a one-off payment using PayPal:

Commenting rules and guidelines

We value the thoughts and opinions of our readers and welcome healthy discussions on our website. In order to maintain a respectful and positive community, we ask that all commenters follow these rules:

  • Treat others with kindness and respect.
  • Stay on topic and contribute to the conversation in a meaningful way.
  • Do not use abusive or hateful language.
  • Do not spam or promote unrelated products or services.
  • Do not post any personal information or content that is illegal, obscene, or otherwise inappropriate.

We reserve the right to remove any comments that violate these rules. By commenting on our website, you agree to abide by these guidelines. Thank you for helping to create a positive and welcoming environment for all.


  1. It was the last sentence;”induced by the rising sea level and global warming.”She just jumped to her conclusion that it was ONLY GW,and not any other as yet unexplained
    phenomena…,I believe that there are other causes…,but to link every weather-caused disaster to “climate change”is just hyperbole.

  2. I had thought that this was a serious scientific site devoted to observing naturally occurring events;instead of a platform for political grandstanding.And to utilize the tragic deaths of innocents to further some unfounded world-view disgusts me.

    1. Why do you think that? Elena just cited EM-DAT document; there was nothing personal in it and no hidden agenda. Sorry to see you have these feelings but we are apolitical, devoted to worldwide observations and very happy about it.

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *