Long duration M 1.2 solar flare erupted on March 15, 2013 and launched a Full-Halo Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) toward Earth. It hit Earth’s magnetic field at 06:01 UTC on March 17, 2013 and Geomagnetic K-index of 6 reached threshold on March 17, 2013 at 08:42 UTC – G2 Geomagnetic Storm. The impact was strong, lifting the solar wind speed from 300 km/s to greater than 600 km/s. High-latitude sky watchers should be alert for auroras.
Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 55 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents – Power grid fluctuations can occur. High-latitude power systems may experience voltage alarms.
Spacecraft – Satellite orientation irregularities may occur; increased drag on low Earth-orbit satellites is possible.
Radio – HF (high frequency) radio propagation can fade at higher latitudes.
Aurora – Aurora may be seen as low as New York to Wisconsin to Washington state.
Space Weather Message Code: SUMSUD
Serial Number: 169
Issue Time: 2013 Mar 17 0607 UTC
SUMMARY: Geomagnetic Sudden Impulse
Observed: 2013 Mar 17 0601 UTC
Deviation: 48 nT
Space Weather Message Code: ALTK06
Serial Number: 302
Issue Time: 2013 Mar 17 0904 UTC
ALERT: Geomagnetic K-index of 6
Threshold Reached: 2013 Mar 17 0842 UTC
Synoptic Period: 0600-0900 UTC
Active Warning: Yes
NOAA Scale: G2 – Moderate
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