The fire season was well underway in northern India as many dozens of fires burned near the Pakistan border in late October, 2011. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard the Aqua satellite captured this true-color image on October 27, 2011.
Most of the fires are located in the Punjab region, a state in northwest India which makes up only about 2 percent of the country’s land, but provides more than 50 percent of its grains. During monsoon season, which normally runs from June to November, heavy rainfall makes farming difficult. As the rains end, farmers begin to clear land for summer crops. One of the most important tools used to prepare land for cropping, in the traditional agricultural system, is fire.
Although fire does remove brush, it has detrimental effects. The most obvious is air pollution. The smoke from the agricultural fires can be seen blowing to the southeast, covering the land with a substantial veil of smoke. The Himalaya Mountains form a strong barrier to air movement, trapping smoky air on the southern side, where it accumulates and mingles with pollution from industry and cars. The resultant haze can be irritating to human lungs and harmful to those who have underlying illness. (MODIS)
If you value what we do here, create your ad-free account and support our journalism.
Producing content you read on this website takes a lot of time, effort, and hard work. If you value what we do here, select the level of your support and register your account.
Your support makes this project fully self-sustainable and keeps us independent and focused on the content we love to create and share.
All our supporters can browse the website without ads, allowing much faster speeds and a clean interface. Your comments will be instantly approved and you’ll have a direct line of communication with us from within your account dashboard. You can suggest new features and apps and you’ll be able to use them before they go live.
You can choose the level of your support.
Stay kind, vigilant and ready!