It has become more apparent to conventional scientists that Earth’s ionosphere is connected to the Sun by filaments of electric charge, so the upper levels of the atmosphere experience the Sun’s influence. This idea has long been a tenet of Electric Universe theory. Earth has a plasmasphere, so it is electrically active, coupled to circuits that are part of its relationship to the Sun and to other planets and moons. Earth holds an electric field at its surface of between 50 and 200 volts per meter, since it is immersed in the stream of ions permeating space. The average potential between ground and the ionosphere, called “the atmospheric electric potential”, is 240,000 volts, but can reach as much as 400,000 volts.
At altitudes of between 100 and 200 kilometers there is an area of peak amplitude known as “the dynamo region”. This region is where there is the greatest conductivity in Earth’s magnetic field, or its “maximum electric equipotential”. The largest electric charge flow along Earth’s geomagnetic equator takes place in the dynamo region.
According to a recent press release, NASA’s THEMIS spacecraft discovered a type of “space weather” that acts like a magnetospheric earthquake, also contributing to the Northern Lights. They are calling it a “spacequake.” THEMIS principal investigator Vassilis Angelopoulos said: “Magnetic reverberations have been detected at ground stations all around the globe, much like seismic detectors measure a large earthquake.”
Spacequakes are part of a theoretical method for activating energetic responses on the Sun and in Earth’s magnetosphere (and elsewhere) called magnetic reconnection. Many Picture of the Day articles take issue with the concept, since it involves the reification of an abstraction.
As the theory of magnetic reconnection proposes, physical processes require an energy input that then changes from one form to another. Consensus views also suggest that this holds true for geomagnetic processes. How this energy is released, as well as what starts the process, are still controversial subjects. Energy in nature cannot be destroyed, as the conservation of energy law states, it changes from one form to another.
When electricity powers a motor, it is converted to kinetic energy. When friction stops motion, its kinetic energy converts to heat. Magnetic energy is also thought to reappear in different forms. Some becomes heat, increasing the velocity of plasma ions and electrons. Some of the energy ends up driving electric currents in a circuit linking with Earth.
However, magnetic field lines are only convenient concepts, nothing more. They are not contours of constant magnetic field strength, they only indicate the field’s direction. In regions where those diagrammed lines are close together the field is stronger. When they are widely separated it is weaker. Drawing magnetic field lines helps to visualize the field’s shape and strength by considering the electric currents that create those fields. Magnetic lines of force do not actually exist in three-dimensional space anymore than lines of latitude or longitude do. Most importantly, magnetic lines of force do not move anymore than lines of longitude do.
A quote from the press release illustrates the dichotomy between consensus viewpoints and Electric Universe theory: “The action begins in Earth’s magnetic tail, which is stretched out like a windsock by the million mph solar wind. Sometimes the tail can become so stretched and tension-filled, it snaps back like an over-torqued rubber band. Solar wind plasma trapped in the tail hurtles toward Earth.”
In an Electric Universe, electric charge separation occurs in the upper atmosphere because “tidal winds” move the ionospheric plasma against Earth’s magnetic field, inducing powerful electric fields and charge flow (electric currents). The tidal wind charge effect is connected to the Sun by incoming Birkeland currents described elsewhere. As Earth rotates beneath the Sun, a 140,000 ampere current is generated through transformer action: the dynamo region acts as the primary coil, while Earth is the secondary. The transformer action, along with other electromagnetic induction events, creates bands of oppositely charged plasma that move east and west around the planet, following the geomagnetic equator.
As has been written many times in the past, there is no such thing as “magnetic merging” or “reconnection” of magnetic field lines in the real world. The energy THEMIS observes comes from electric currents, which, unlike nonexistent magnetic field lines, can move, touch, merge, and detonate.
Written by Stephen Smith (The Thunderbolts Project)
Featured image: NASA/THEMIS
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