Research

el nino la nina

Study shows correlation between solar variability and El Nino-La Nina events

A new study shows a link between the end of solar cycles and a switch from El Nino to La Nina events in the Pacific Ocean, indicating that solar variability can trigger seasonal weather variability on Earth. If the connection holds up, it could improve the...

April 06, 2021

meteotsunami 2018 2

NOAA study takes step closer to predicting meteotsunamis

A new study by NOAA shows the promise of forecasting meteotsunamis after scientists were able to reconstruct the first documented meteotsunami in the Great Lakes in 2018. On April 13, 2018, a huge wave surged across Lake Michigan, flooding the shores of Ludington...

April 02, 2021

antarctica meteorite

Large meteoritic event over Antarctica 430 000 years ago

An international team of scientists has found new evidence that a low-altitude meteoritic event occurred over Antarctica 430 000 years ago. Cosmic particles recovered on the summit of Walnumfjellet indicate that an unusual touchdown event reached the continent's...

April 01, 2021

dark matter 04 01 2021 2

New model replaces dark energy theory with magnetic forces

It has been long believed that 70 percent of the universe is composed of dark energy, which makes it expand at an ever-increasing rate. However, a new model by researchers from the University of Copenhagen (UCPH) suggests that the expansion is due to a dark...

April 01, 2021

tropical storm in 2018 produced lowest temperature ever recorded on earth f

A tropical storm in 2018 produced the lowest temperature ever recorded on Earth

A tropical storm just south of the equator in the southwestern Pacific Ocean on December 29, 2018, produced an unprecedented temperature of -111.2 °C (161.96 K / -168.1 °F), the lowest recorded on Earth, according to a recent scientific research paper. The...

March 31, 2021

star formation 2

Hubble makes unexpected discovery on the process of star formation

New observations from the Hubble Space Telescope have changed our understanding of star formation as what scientists previously believed may have been an off-switch for the process does not work that way after all. The telescope shows that the powerful astrophysical...

March 29, 2021

shumagin gap alaska f

Unexpected strike-slip earthquake uncovers hidden mechanism

Researchers uncovered the reason for unexpected strike-slip earthquakes, where two pieces of crust slide past each other on a fault, in areas where subduction zone tremors are common. From July to October 2020, a series of earthquakes occurred in Shumagin Islands,...

March 27, 2021

angkor wat f

Study provides evidence of a magnetic field anomaly in Southeast Asia 800 years agojavascript:;

An international team of researchers has discovered evidence of a magnetic field anomaly in Southeast Asia roughly 800 years ago. The researchers conducted an archaeomagnetic study on an iron-smelting site from Cambodia, an area currently devoid of data. The results...

March 14, 2021

arase satellite 2

Research reveals unknown mechanisms that generate auroras

New research has revealed an unknown mechanism of the magnetosphere-- electrons from the Sun are propelled by electrical energy higher than previously thought, ultimately creating displays of northern and southern lights or auroras. The formation of auroras starts...

March 14, 2021

antarctica linked to gondwana 2

Scientists discover east Antarctica's magnetic link to its ancient neighbors in Gondwana

An international team of scientists was able to determine where Antarctica has been linked to its former neighbors in the supercontinent Gondwana. Using geology and satellites, the researchers discovered high-resolution details about the missing links between...

March 14, 2021

atacama deser

Importance of Rossby waves and atmospheric moisture transport for extreme precipitation events

A new study has presented for the first time a global and systematic climatological analysis of breaking waves and atmospheric moisture transport, in tandem and in isolation, for the occurrence of extreme precipitation events, which frequently cause catastrophic...

March 14, 2021

typhoon hagibis japan

Tropical cyclone landfall locations over the western North Pacific shifting in 100-year intervals

A team of scientists investigated tropical cyclone (TC) activity over the western North Pacific and landfalls in Japan by examining a combination of TC tracking and meteorological data, including recovered historical observations in the mid-19th century. The...

March 04, 2021

chile mountain tsunamis march 4 2021 2

Declining discharge of glacier outburst floods in Chilean Patagonia

Mountain 'tsunamis' or flooding due to the rupture of glacial lakes in Chilean Patagonia have been taking place cyclically since the last glacial maximum 10 000 years ago at a declining magnitude, according to a new study by researchers from the Centro...

March 04, 2021

space hurricane march 3 2021 2

First space hurricane discovered over the Earth’s polar ionosphere

Scientists have discovered a space hurricane above the North Pole for the first time, which offered an initial glimpse at a phenomenon that could also be taking place on other planets across the universe. The hurricane was raining electrons instead of water,...

March 03, 2021

utah volcanoes march 3 2021 3

Rare earthquakes highlight Black Rock Desert volcanic field in Utah

Rare earthquakes in the Black Rock Desert in Utah have provided a glimpse into the volcanic system of the field, which is still active despite not showing signs of erupting, according to a new study. A pair of earthquake sequences in September 2018 and April 2019,...

March 03, 2021

gulf stream earth march 1 2021 2

The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) at its weakest in more than 1 000 years

The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), one of the Earth’s major ocean circulation systems that underpins the Gulf Stream, is now at the weakest it has been in more than 1 000 years, a new study shows. Models suggest that this could trigger...

March 01, 2021

binary stars feb 24 2021 3

New map of solar neighborhood shows binary stars are all around us

The recent data from the Gaia space observatory has allowed astronomers, for the first time, to create a large 3D atlas of widely separated binary stars--1.3 million of them, within roughly 3 000 light-years of Earth. The atlas, generated by Ph.D. astrophysics...

February 25, 2021