Sunspot numbers exceed predictions for 18 straight months

Sunspot numbers exceed predictions for 18 straight months

Sunspot numbers provided by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) have exceeded the official forecast made by the Solar Cycle Prediction Panel for 18 straight months in April 2022. The monthly value at the end of March was more than twice the forecast and the highest in nearly 7 years.

Major X1.3 solar flare erupts from Active Region 2975

Major X1.3 solar flare erupts from Active Region 2975

A major solar flare measuring X1.3 erupted from Active Region 2975 at 17:37 UTC on March 30, 2022. The event started at 17:21 UTC and ended at 17:46. The region is located in an area that favors Earth-directed coronal mass ejections (CMEs). A Type II Radio Emission…

Two CMEs heading toward Earth, G3 – Strong geomagnetic storm watch in effect

Two CMEs heading toward Earth, G3 – Strong geomagnetic storm watch in effect

Active Region 2975 produced multiple C- and M-class solar flares since M4.0 at 11:29 UTC on March 28, 2022, as well as 2 coronal mass ejections (CMEs) – both toward Earth. As a result, a G3 – Strong geomagnetic storm watch is in effect for March 31. Solar activity…

Moderately strong M4.0 solar flare erupts from geoeffective Region 2975

Moderately strong M4.0 solar flare erupts from geoeffective Region 2975

A moderately-strong solar flare measuring M4.0 erupted from geoeffective Active Region 2975 at 11:29 UTC on March 28, 2022. The event started at 10:58 UTC and ended at 11:45. The event was associated with a Type II Radio Emission at 11:23 UTC, with an estimated…

Moderately strong M1.4 solar flare erupts from AR 2974

Moderately strong M1.4 solar flare erupts from AR 2974

A moderately strong solar flare measuring M1.4 at its peak erupted from Active Region 2974 at 05:26 UTC on March 25, 2022. The event started at 05:02 and ended at 05:50 UTC. The eruption was associated with a Type II Radio emission at 05:14 UTC, with an estimated…

CME hits Earth sparking G2 – Moderate geomagnetic storm

CME hits Earth sparking G2 – Moderate geomagnetic storm

A coronal mass ejection (CME) produced by the long-duration C2 solar flare on March 10/11, 2022, hit Earth early March 13, sparking G2 – Moderate geomagnetic storming. Disturbed conditions are expected to continue into March 14 and 15. The CME started around 18:00…

Large farside eruption creates impressive coronal mass ejection (CME)

Large farside eruption creates impressive coronal mass ejection (CME)

A powerful eruption took place on the farside of the Sun at around 22:23 UTC on February 15, 2022, creating an impressive coronal mass ejection (CME). This is one of the largest CMEs of Solar Cycle 25. The source region for this event is beyond the east limb and…

Moderately strong M1.4 solar flare erupts, CME produced

Moderately strong M1.4 solar flare erupts, CME produced

A moderately strong solar flare measuring M1.4 erupted at 08:44 UTC on February 12, 2022, from a region near Active Region 2939, located just beyond the west limb. A Type II radio emission with an estimated velocity of 642 km/s was associated with the event. Type II…