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China issues red alert as Typhoon “Muifa” nears Shanghai

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China’s national observatory issued a red alert, the most severe warning level, on Wednesday, September 14, 2022, as Typhoon Muifa is expected to make landfall twice later in the day-the first in coastal areas between Sanmen County and Zhoushan City in Zhejiang Province around nightfall, and the second in coastal areas between Jiaxing City in Zhejiang Province and Shanghai’s Pudong District on Wednesday evening, with maximum 1-minute sustained winds of 130 km/h (80 mph).

Shanghai has upgraded its typhoon emergency response to Level III, the third-highest, as Muifa moved closer to Shanghai.

As of Wednesday morning (LT), more than 1 900 ships had returned to port, and two tourist attractions and two parks had been temporarily closed. The city had also assigned personnel to inspect dikes, construction sites and other areas as Shanghai braced for the typhoon.1

All flights at Shanghai’s Pudong and Hongqiao airports were canceled, while the city of Hangzhou to the southwest of Shanghai will halt domestic flights from the evening.

Flights at Zhoushan and Ningbo airports, in the coastal province of Zhejiang, were also canceled, while the ship bunkering hub shared by both cities temporarily suspended discharging and loading oil, and ordered tankers to stay at anchorages.2

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Typhoon “Muifa” at 11:10 UTC on September 14, 2022. Credit: JMA/Himawari-8, RAMMB/CIRA, The Watchers

In east China’s Zhejiang Province, the local flood control and typhoon and drought relief headquarters upgraded the typhoon emergency response to Level I -the highest level- on Tuesday afternoon, September 13.

A total of 11 680 fishing boats had returned to port in the province by Tuesday noon.

More than 719 800 people had been evacuated to safe places by Wednesday morning.

typhoon muifa jtwc fcst 09z september 14 2022

At 06:00 UTC (14:00 LT) on September 14, Typhoon Muifa was located about 310 (190 miles) south-southeast of Shanghai, China.

Its maximum 10-minute sustained winds were 150 km/h (90 mph), with gusts up to 215 km/h (130 mph), while maximum 1-minute sustained winds were 155 km/h (100 mph).

The minimum central barometric pressure was 955 hPa, and the system was moving north-northwest at 13 km/h (8.1 mph).

Muifa is the strongest typhoon in the Yangtze River Delta in a decade.

References:

1 Shanghai raises emergency response as typhoon Muifa approaches – Xinhua – September 14, 2022

2 Chinese cities halt flights, trains as Typhoon Muifa nears – Reuters – September 14, 2022

Featured image: Typhoon “Muifa” at 11:10 UTC on September 14, 2022. Credit: JMA/Himawari-8, RAMMB/CIRA, The Watchers

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