Unsettled geomagnetic conditions as Earth passes through solar wind stream

Unsettled geomagnetic conditions as Earth passes through solar wind stream

A weak interplanetary shock was registered by ACE spacecraft at 10:58 UTC on February 16, 2013. This event is not expected to bring widespread geomagnetic disturbances, however, it sparked aurora displays at very high latitudes.

The Kp index is currently at 4, very close to minor geomagnetic storm level. Geomagnetic Sudden Impulse was observed at 12:10 UTC on February 16, 2013 with 10 nT Bz fluctuation.


ALERT: Geomagnetic K-index of 4
Threshold Reached: 2013 Feb 16 1730 UTC
Synoptic Period: 1500-1800 UTC
Active Warning: Yes
Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 65 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents - Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Aurora - Aurora may be visible at high latitudes such as Canada and Alaska.

SUMMARY: Geomagnetic Sudden Impulse
Observed: 2013 Feb 16 1210 UTC
Deviation: 10 nT
Station: Boulder


There are currently 3 numbered sunspots at the visible solar disk. None of them is actively flaring. Sunspot 1671 and new Sunspot 1673 remain fairly stable. Another, small new sunspot is forming in the northeast quadrant and another sunspot trailing region 1673 is now beginning to rotate onto the southeast limb.

Long sinuous coronal hole is blowing solar wind which  could reach Earth around February 20, 2013.

Sinuos coronal hole seen at SDO's AIA combined imagery and STAR map (Credit: SDO)


A couple of Coronal Mass Ejections were observed on February 15, 2013. as a result of a prominence liftoff. Most of ejected plasma was directed to the west, away from Earth. LASCO C2 observed a partial halo CME on February 15, 2013 around 17:36 UTC.  CME originated from the south-east of AR 1671. Due to the position of the source region, this event might be geoeffective, with an arrival around February 20, but this will be refined as new information is available.



Solar wind
speed: 385.9 km/sec
density: 6.5 protons/cm3

The Radio Sun
10.7 cm flux: 100 sfu

Planetary K-index
Now: Kp= 3 quiet
24-hr max: Kp= 4 unsettled

Interplanetary Mag. Field
Btotal9.0 nT
Bz6.4 nT north



Thankyou for the display of kp index to alart the stroms from sun. Your contribution is so useful to the world. I am beginer of astrophysics. I request you to get some of the details about magnetic field measurements and mhd of cme and how to fit. thanking you

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