Red Square Nebula: one of the most symmetrical celestial objects ever discovered

red-square-nebula-one-of-the-most-symmetrical-celestial-objects-ever-discovered

The Red Square Nebula, located in the area of the sky occupied by MWC 922 in the Serpens constellation, is one of the most symmetrical celestial objects ever discovered. In 2019, scientists discovered that MWC 922 at the nebula's center emits a powerful jet.

The first images of the nearly-symmetrical square nebula were taken using the Mt. Palomar Hale telescope in California in April 2007.

This object is remarkable for its square shape, which makes it one of the most symmetrical celestial objects ever imaged, according to Sydney University astrophysicist Peter Tuthill.

The Red Square Nebula is located 5 500 light-years away, in the portion of the sky occupied by star MWC 922, in the northern hemisphere constellation Serpens.

"Towards the end of their lives, many low-mass stars, like the Sun, slough off their outer layers to produce striking 'planetary' nebulae," Tuthill explained.

"But the hot star at the heart of the Red Square nebula, called MWC 922, appears to be relatively massive, suggesting another process formed its signature shape."

In 2019, scientists discovered that MWC 922 at the nebula's center emits a powerful jet.

A team from the University of Colorado assumes that this may indicate it was ejected from Messier 16 and the jet is a tail of mass from the star as it moved through space. 

Meanwhile, NASA believes that the shape comes from expelled cones of gas late in development, and the cones happened to form in the shape of almost perfect right angles.

However, as of present, there is no precise explanation yet of how the central star could generate the nebula's shape.

"How did this beautiful, crisp structure form? This is the million-dollar question," Tuthill said.

Featured image credit: Peter Tuthill/Sydney University, Palomar & W. Keck Observatories

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6 Comments

  1. MY PROPOSED THEORY OF THE MAGNETIC STRUCTURE OF MATTER EXPLAINS ALL SHAPES OF NEBULAE………………….The magnetic nature of our universe is abundantly obvious and the current theory of nebula has been fully exposed. According to current physics, a nebula is a giant cloud of dust and gas in space. Some nebulae (more than one nebula) come from the gas and dust thrown out by the explosion of a dying star, such as a supernova. Observations in recent years entirely contradict this current believe. The magnetic structure of matter would nicely explain all shapes of planetary nebulae, as the ejected matter is trapped along the strong magnetic field regions. This can be compared to iron filings trapped along the so-called field lines of a bar magnet. Since strong magnetic fields at the surface of the star also exert pressure on the plasma, matter can more easily leave the star at the magnetic poles where the magnetic field is the strongest. The beautiful crisp structure is formed by the process of magnetic interaction. And, not only, nebulas but also, planets, stars, galaxies and…etc come in all sorts of shapes and sizes. However, in spite of the fact, all physical structures have the same basic magnetic properties they vary in magnetic field strength. All celestial bodies-stars to galaxies- have magnetic field of varied intensity. Nonetheless, not only the variation of the magnetic fields in the Universe cannot be explained by the current physics but also their origin. On the other, the theory of magnetic structure of matter explains the variation and origin of magnetic field in the Universe

  2. MY PROPOSED THEORY OF MAGNETIC STRUCTURE OF MATTER EXPLAINS ALL SHAPES OF NEBULAE………………….The magnetic nature of our universe is abundantly obvious and the current theory of nebula has been full exposed. According to current physics, a nebula is a giant cloud of dust and gas in space. Some nebulae (more than one nebula) come from the gas and dust thrown out by the explosion of a dying star, such as a supernova. Observations in recent years entirely contradict this current believe. The magnetic structure of matter would nicely explain all shapes of planetary nebulae, as the ejected matter is trapped along the strong magnetic field regions. This can be compared to iron filings trapped along the so-called field lines of a bar magnet. Since strong magnetic fields at the surface of the star also exert pressure on the plasma, matter can more easily leave the star at the magnetic poles where the magnetic field is the strongest. The beautiful crisp structure is formed by the process of magnetic interaction. And, not only, nebulas but also, planets, stars, galaxies and…etc come in all sorts of shapes and sizes. However, in spite of the fact, all physical structures have the same basic magnetic properties they vary in magnetic field strength. All celestial bodies-stars to galaxies- have magnetic field of varied intensity. Nonetheless, not only the variation of the magnetic fields in the Universe cannot be explained by the current physics but also their origin. On the other, the theory of magnetic structure of matter explains the variation and origin of magnetic field in the Universe

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