An unidentified fatal disease broke out last week in West Nile subregion, Obongi County, Uganda. According to local press, as of April 28, 2014, the disease already claimed 4 lives and sent at least 64 to hospitals. New patients are soaring to health care center.
Although it is not yet confirmed the disease has symptoms of Ebola and Cholera.
Mr. Fungaroo Kaps Hassan, Member of Parliament for Obongi County – Moyo District, said the disease is contagious and kills very fast. He added that women are the most affected. Furthermore, people are being transported by motorcycle taxies which has caused disease to spread to drivers.
Local health care center is already congested and more patients continue to soar in.
Charity organizations and other NGOs are called for quick help. (Chipreports)
According to WHO, Cholera is an extremely virulent disease. It affects both children and adults and can kill within hours. Among people who develop symptoms, 80% have mild or moderate symptoms, while around 20% develop acute watery diarrhea with severe dehydration. This can lead to death if untreated.
People with low immunity, such as malnourished children or people living with HIV, are at a greater risk of death if infected. Up to 80% of cases can be successfully treated with oral rehydration salts. The short incubation period of two hours to five days, enhances the potentially explosive pattern of outbreaks.
Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans. EVD outbreaks have a case fatality rate of up to 90% and its outbreaks occur primarily in remote villages in Central and West Africa, near tropical rainforests. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.
EVD is a severe acute viral illness often characterized by the sudden onset of fever, intense weakness, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. This is followed by vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both internal and external bleeding. The incubation period, that is, the time interval from infection with the virus to onset of symptoms, is 2 to 21 days.
West Nile subregion is a region in north-western Uganda. It is bordered by the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south and west, by South Sudan to the north and by the White Nile River to the east.
Featured image: Map showing West Nile subregion (red), Uganda
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