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Swarm of small earthquakes hits Salton Sea, California

swarm-of-small-earthquakes-hits-san-diego

Between 11:03 UTC on September 26 and 06:03 UTC on September 27, 2016, USGS registered a total of 143 earthquakes in a remote desert area around the Salton Sea in California. Three of them had magnitudes above 4.

The largest was a shallow M4.3 at 14:31 UTC on September 26. It hit 6 km (3.7 miles) SSE of Bombay Beach, 19 km (11.8 miles) WNW of Niland and 23 km (14.3 miles) E of Salton City at a depth of 2.4 km (1.5 miles).

According to responses posted to the USGS website, the quake was felt as far away as Carmel Mountain Ranch and Scripps Ranch. There were no reports of serious damage.

Seismologist Lucy Jones said on Twitter that magnitude 4 quakes near the San Andreas “increase the chance” of a big quake “a little bit. But we have swarms without big earthquakes – most likely nothing more will happen.”

Salton Sea, California M4.3 shake map - September 26, 2016

Salton Sea, California M4.3 estimated population exposure map - September 26, 2016Salton Sea, California M4.3 earthquake - Estimated population exposure table

*Estimated exposure only includes population within map area (k = x1,000)
Modified Mercalli Intensity (MMI) scale

Salton Sea, California M4.3 earthquake of September 26, 2016 - Selected cities exposed

From GeoNames Database of Cities with 1 000 or more residents (k = x 1 000)

Between 11:03 UTC on September 26 and 06:03 UTC on September 27, a total of 143 (all magnitudes) earthquakes occurred in this area.

Many of them were centered near Bombay Beach and felt in a relatively small area. 

Salton Sea earthquake swarm map - all magnitudes. September 2016

24 hours by 06:03 UTC on September 27 (all magnitudes). Credit: USGS

This remote desert area is shaken by swarms of small to moderate earthquakes that last several days every year and seismologists have long suspected they can trigger movement on other nearby faults, including the San Andreas. The strongest evidence of this occurred in 1987, when a magnitude 6.2 earthquake near the Salton Sea triggered a magnitude 6.6 quake 12 hours later on the Superstition Hills fault to the south. (LA Times, 2009)

Salton sea sits atop a very thin crust that is constantly stretched as the North American and Pacific plates grind against each other. Scientists believe that because of the thinness of the crust, hotter material can get closer to the surface and cause temblors. 

There were swarms similar to this one in 2001 and 2009. The one in 2009 had more than 200 earthquakes.

Featured image credit: USGS

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