Strong earthquake M 7.3 struck off the east coast of Honshu, Japan – multiple strong aftershocks followed

strong-earthquake-m-7-3-struck-kamaishi-japan-multiple-strong-aftershocks-followed

Strong earthquake with recorded magnitude 7.3 struck off the east coast of Honshu, Japan on December 7, 2012 at 08:18 UTC according to USGS and EMSC. Epicenter was located 245 km (152 miles) SE of Kamaishi, Japan and 245 km (152 miles) ESE of Ofunato, Japan. Recorded depth by USGS was 36.1 km (22.4 miles). There are no people living within 100 km.

EMSC also reported 7.3 magnitude earthquake. At this time there is slight difference in depth report. EMSC measured 40km.

A tsunami warning was issued for the coast of Miyagi Prefecture in northeastern Japan, which was hit by a devastating earthquake and tsunami in March 2011. The tsunami could be as high as six feet (1.82 m).

The mainshock is being followed by multiple strong aftershocks which go above M 6.

Shortly before the earthquake struck, NHK broke off regular programming to warn that a strong quake was due to hit. Afterward, the announcer repeatedly urged all near the coast to flee to higher ground.

More than an hour after the quake struck, an unnamed official from the Japan Meteorological Agency, speaking on national television, continued to warn people to stay away from the coast.

Immediately following the quake, there were no problems at any of the nuclear plants operated by Fukushima Dai-Ichi operator Tokyo Electric Power Co, a TEPCO spokesman, Takeo Iwamoto, said.

Takuya Taniguchi, All Nippon Airways spokesman, said government officials were checking on the runways at Sendai airport.

The two jets that were in the air went to other airports and all seven flights scheduled to go to Sendai for the day were cancelled, he said.

Important update 11:20 UTC:  All Tsunami Warnings/Advisories have been cancelled.

March 11, 2011 – Magnitude 9.0 vs December 07, 2012 – Magnitude 7.3 – location comparison

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Magnitude 7.3
Date-Time
  • Friday, December 07, 2012 at 08:18:24 UTC
  • Friday, December 07, 2012 at 06:18:24 PM at epicenter
Location 37.889°N, 144.090°E
Depth 36.1 km (22.4 miles)
Region OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
Distances 245 km (152 miles) SE of Kamaishi, Japan
245 km (152 miles) ESE of Ofunato, Japan
251 km (155 miles) ESE of Ishinomaki, Japan
251 km (155 miles) SE of Otsuchi, Japan
Location Uncertainty horizontal +/- 13.9 km (8.6 miles); depth +/- 7 km (4.3 miles)
Parameters NST=421, Nph=421, Dmin=465.3 km, Rmss=0.94 sec, Gp= 32°,
M-type=regional moment magnitude (Mw), Version=9
Source
  • Magnitude: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
    Location: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Event ID usc000e5n4

 

Tectonic Summary by USGS

Seismotectonics of Japan and Vicinity

Japan and the surrounding islands straddle four major tectonic plates: Pacific plate; North America plate; Eurasia plate; and Philippine Sea plate. The Pacific plate is subducted into the mantle, beneath Hokkaido and northern Honshu, along the eastern margin of the Okhotsk microplate, a proposed subdivision of the North America plate. Farther south, the Pacific plate is subducted beneath volcanic islands along the eastern margin of the Philippine Sea plate. This 2,200 km-long zone of subduction of the Pacific plate is responsible for the creation of the deep offshore Ogasawara and Japan trenches as well as parallel chains of islands and volcanoes, typical of Circumpacific island arcs. Similarly, the Philippine Sea plate is itself subducting under the Eurasia plate along a zone, extending from Taiwan to southern Honshu that comprises the Ryukyu Islands and the Nansei-Shoto trench.

Subduction zones at the Japanese island arcs are geologically complex and produce numerous earthquakes from multiple sources. Deformation of the overriding plates generates shallow crustal earthquakes, whereas slip at the interface of the plates generates interplate earthquakes that extend from near the base of the trench to depths of 40 to 60 km. At greater depths, Japanese arc earthquakes occur within the subducting Pacific and Philippine Sea plates and can reach depths of nearly 700 km. Since 1900, three great earthquakes occurred off Japan and three north of Hokkaido. They are the M8.4 1933 Sanriku-oki earthquake, the M8.3 2003 Tokachi-oki earthquake, the M9.0 2011 Tohoku earthquake, the M8.4 1958 Etorofu earthquake, the M8.5 1963 Kuril earthquake, and the M8.3 1994 Shikotan earthquake. More information on regional seismicity and tectonics

Aftershocks and worldwide earthquakes

Update time: Friday, December 7, 2012 at 13:05 UTC. Source: USGS

  MAG UTC DATE-TIME
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  4.7   2012/12/07 12:33:38   37.555   143.651 34.9  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  2.5 2012/12/07 12:16:06   36.097  -117.848 2.2  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  5.0   2012/12/07 12:05:28   37.853   143.735 35.0  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  4.6   2012/12/07 09:56:28   37.572   143.775 35.0  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  4.1 2012/12/07 09:39:47   28.120  -111.980 15.3  GULF OF CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.8   2012/12/07 09:23:04   37.822   144.175 35.1  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  4.7   2012/12/07 09:13:24   37.721   143.746 35.1  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  4.7   2012/12/07 09:01:54   37.741   143.543 35.3  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  5.5   2012/12/07 08:48:15   37.849   143.581 34.8  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  3.4 2012/12/07 08:46:35   58.176  -151.278 50.0  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  6.2   2012/12/07 08:31:15   37.939   143.763 29.2  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  3.1 2012/12/07 08:27:01   60.206  -144.057 34.9  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  7.3   2012/12/07 08:18:24   37.889   144.090 36.1  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN

 

Featured image: EMSC + Google Earth

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