Articles tagged "research"

breakthrough device heals organs

Breakthrough device heals organs with a single touch

Researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and Ohio State's College of Engineering have developed a new technology, Tissue Nanotransfection (TNT), that can generate any cell type of interest for treatment within the patient's own body....

August 08, 2017

veddell sea anomaly loc

Study explains anomaly in Earth's atmosphere over the Weddell Sea

A new study finds that the ionospheric anomaly over the Weddell Sea, near the tip of South America in the southeast Pacific Ocean, is likely influenced by proximity to auroral energy input, rather than by tilting magnetic fields. The anomaly was discovered in the...

August 08, 2017

cotopaxi volcano ecuador

Scientists improve forecast of increasing hazard on Cotopaxi volcano

An international team of scientists showed an increasing volcanic danger on Cotopaxi volcano in Ecuador using a powerful technique known as Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR). The Andes region in which Cotopaxi volcano is located is known to contain...

August 08, 2017

ngc 2683

Study provides evidence for externally powered Sun

A new study published in the International Journal of Current Research provides evidence for externally powered Sun, challenging the concepts of the Standard Solar Model (SSM). The study suggests our star is not an isolated celestial body, but rather it is linked...

August 01, 2017

failure is not an option

Huge drop in men’s sperm levels confirmed by new study

Sperm count in men from North America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand declined by 50-60% between 1973 and 2011, according to a new study from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Surprisingly, the study, which analyzed data on the sperm counts of 42 935 men, found...

July 30, 2017

amazon rainforest

New study shows the Amazon makes its own rainy season

A new study gives the first observational evidence that the southern Amazon rainforest triggers its own rainy season using water vapor from plant leaves. The finding helps explain why deforestation in this region is linked with reduced rainfall. The study analyzed...

July 28, 2017

india monsoons strengthen

Indian monsoons have strengthened over past 15 years

A 50-year dry spell has reversed, with more rain to come. An MIT study published today in Nature Climate Change finds that the Indian summer monsoons, which bring rainfall to the country each year between June and September, have strengthened in the last 15 years...

July 28, 2017

sea cave preserves 5 000 year snapshot of tsunamis f

Sea cave preserves 5 000-year snapshot of tsunamis

An international team of scientists digging in a sea cave in Indonesia has discovered the world's most pristine record of tsunamis, a 5 000-year-old sedimentary snapshot that reveals for the first time how little is known about when earthquakes trigger massive...

July 28, 2017

large distant comets more common than thought

Large, distant comets more common than previously thought

Comets that take more than 200 years to make one revolution around the Sun are notoriously difficult to study. Because they spend most of their time far from our area of the solar system, many "long-period comets" will never approach the Sun in a...

July 26, 2017

high risk unprecedented rainfall uk

UK Met Office: High risk of unprecedented rainfall in the UK

New innovative research has found that for England and Wales there is a 1 in 3 chance of a new monthly rainfall record in at least one region each winter (October - March). In the last few years, several rainfall events have caused widespread flooding in the UK. In...

July 25, 2017

lake sidi ali moroccan middle atlas

Dust deposits give new insights into the history of the Sahara

The Sahara is the world's largest desert and dust source with significant impacts on trans-Atlantic terrestrial and large-scale marine ecosystems. Remote Saharan dust influences the Earth's radiation budget and tropical North Atlantic ocean-atmosphere...

July 20, 2017

plastic waste

Over 9.1 billion tons of plastic have been produced and most of it thrown away

More than 9.1 billion tons of plastic have been manufactured since the material was initially mass-produced in the 1950s, according to "the first global analysis of all mass-produced plastics," which reports the majority has ended up in landfills or...

July 20, 2017

lhcb cern new particles visualization

CERN's LHCb experiment announces observation of a new particle

At the EPS Conference on High Energy Physics held this week in Venice, the LHCb experiment at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider has reported the observation of Ξcc++ (Xicc++) a new particle containing two charm quarks and one up quark. The existence of this...

July 08, 2017

strike slip

How strike-slip faults form, the origin of earthquakes

Structural geologist Michele Cooke calls it the "million-dollar question" that underlies all work in her laboratory at the University of Massachusetts Amherst: what goes on deep in the earth as strike-slip faults form in the crust? This is the fault type...

July 08, 2017

earth magnetic field study

Study finds Earth’s magnetic field ‘simpler than we thought’

Scientists have identified patterns in the Earth’s magnetic field that evolve on the order of 1 000 years, providing new insight into how the field works and adding a measure of predictability to changes in the field not previously known. The discovery also...

July 08, 2017

fires in africa may 2017

Steep drop in natural and human-caused fires worldwide

Researchers using NASA satellites to detect fires and burn scars from space have found that an ongoing transition from nomadic cultures to settled lifestyles and intensifying agriculture has led to a steep drop in the use of fire for land clearing and an overall...

June 30, 2017

fossils from pliocene marine megafauna extinction

Previously unknown extinction of marine megafauna discovered

Over two million years ago, a third of the largest marine animals like sharks, whales, sea birds and sea turtles disappeared. This previously unknown extinction event not only had a considerable impact on the Earth’s historical biodiversity but also on the...

June 28, 2017

self assembling particles

Sound waves direct particles to self-assemble, self-heal

An elegantly simple experiment with floating particles self-assembling in response to sound waves has provided a new framework for studying how seemingly lifelike behaviors emerge in response to external forces. Scientists at the Department of Energy’s...

June 28, 2017

orbiting black holes

Groundbreaking discovery confirms existence of orbiting supermassive black holes

For the first time ever, astronomers at The University of New Mexico say they've been able to observe and measure the orbital motion between two supermassive black holes hundreds of millions of light years from Earth - a discovery more than a decade in the...

June 28, 2017

distant earthquakes can cause underwater landslides

Distant earthquakes can cause underwater landslides

New research finds large earthquakes can trigger underwater landslides thousands of miles away, weeks or months after the quake occurs. Researchers analyzing data from ocean bottom seismometers off the Washington-Oregon coast tied a series of underwater landslides...

June 28, 2017

planet 10 new planet kuiper belt

Study suggests another large planetary body exists in Solar System

A new study from the University of Arizona suggests that an unknown, and currently unseen planetary body exists in the outer reaches of our solar system. The planet is located far beyond Pluto and has a mass somewhere between that of Mars and Earth. This object is...

June 23, 2017

incecisive weather by sheila sund

How large-scale water cycles influence quake activity in California

A new study shows how seasonal changes in large-scale water cycles in California influence small-scale quake activity. It confirms that the annual hydrological loading cycle modulates microseismicity in California. The results of the study reveal how snow, rain,...

June 16, 2017

all stars born in pairs

Our sun had a twin when it was born, study

According to a new analysis by a theoretical physicist from UC Berkley and a radio astronomer from the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory at Harvard University, our sun, as well as every other sunlike star in the universe, had a twin when it was born. Astronomers...

June 14, 2017

massive galaxies alignment

Massive galaxies aligned for at least 10 billion years. Whatever caused it, acted quickly

A new study led by Michael West of Lowell Observatory and Roberto De Propris of the University of Turku reveals that the most massive galaxies in the universe have been aligned with their surroundings for at least ten billion years. This discovery shows that...

June 14, 2017

controling light with electric fields

Researchers discovered a technique for controlling light with electric fields

Researchers from North Carolina State University have discovered a technique for controlling light with electric fields. “Our method is similar to the technique used to provide the computing capabilities of computers,” says Linyou Cao, an assistant...

May 26, 2017

earth core pole shift

A giant lava lamp inside the Earth might be flipping the planet’s magnetic field

If you could travel back in time 41 000 years to the last ice age, your compass would point south instead of north. That’s because for a period of a few hundred years, the Earth’s magnetic field was reversed. Magnetic reversals have happened repeatedly...

May 16, 2017

solar wind

Model explains the formation of Stealth CMEs

An international team of scientists has developed a model that simulates the evolution of Stealth CMEs, solar storms that puzzled scientists for their lack of typical warning signs as they seem to come from nowhere. Such computer models can help researchers better...

May 10, 2017

critical thinking study

Study: Nearly half of millennials struggle with news literacy and critical thinking

The ability to identify fake news and other false information has never been more important. That makes critical thinking skills a must – yet according to new national study from edtech firm MindEdge Learning, millennials struggle in this area. The survey...

May 10, 2017

new model could help predict major earthquakes f

New model could help predict major earthquakes

A Nagoya University-led team reveals the mechanisms behind different earthquakes at a plate boundary on the west coast of South America, shedding light on historical seismic events and potentially aiding prediction of the future risk from these natural disasters....

April 27, 2017

new insights into how eruptions occur on the sun

New insights into how eruptions occur on the Sun

Scientists have gained new insights into how eruptions occur on the Sun and, through 3-D computer simulation, identified a universal process that explains eruptions of every size, from tapered jets to massive explosions of solar material and energy. In a new study...

April 27, 2017

how little ice age displaced tropical rain belt

How Little Ice Age displaced the tropical rain belt

In the most comprehensive reconstruction of rainfall patterns within the Intertropical Convergence Zone for the past 2000 years, a team of researchers led by ETH Zurich describe how even small changes in global temperature can trigger a migration of the tropical...

April 25, 2017

new data shows heliosphere is nearly round and symmetrical

New data show heliosphere is nearly round and symmetrical

New data covering an entire 11-year solar activity cycle suggest that Sun and planets in our solar system are surrounded by a giant, spherical system of magnetic field from the Sun, calling into question the current view of the solar magnetic fields trailing behind...

April 24, 2017

ancient texts provide insight into past solar events

Ancient texts provide insight into past solar storms

In a collaborative effort between the arts and sciences, researchers at Kyoto University and Japan's National Institute of Polar Research (NIPR) and National Institute of Japanese Literature (NIJL) have used historical documents to garner better insight into the...

April 09, 2017

view of hollywood and los angeles from griffith park

California droughts and floods linked to distinctive atmospheric waves

In a recent study, scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) found that the persistent high-pressure ridge off the west coast of North America that blocked storms from coming onshore during the winters of 2013-14 and 2014-15 was associated...

April 06, 2017

collision with another planetary body created earths iron

New theories about nature of Earth’s iron

In a study published March 20, 2017 in Nature Communications, an international team of scientists challenges the prevailing theory that the unique nature of Earth’s iron was the result of how its core was formed billions of years ago. The study opens the door...

March 20, 2017

calbuco eruption expanded ozone hole to record size study

Calbuco's eruption expanded ozone hole to record size

A new study argues that eruption of the Chilean volcano Calbuco on April 22, 2015 stretched the Antarctic Ozone Hole, the thinnest portion of the ozone shell that shields Earth from harmful radiation, to a record size nearly as large as Africa. It did so by ejecting...

March 15, 2017

One of the greatest mass extinctions caused by volcanic eruptions

One of the greatest mass extinctions caused by volcanic eruptions

Scientists have linked global mass extinction at the Permian-Triassic boundary some 250 million years ago to an ice age caused by the activity of the first volcanism in the Siberian Traps. The research paves the way for a new vision of the Earth's climate...

March 06, 2017

solar storms trigger surprising phenomena close to earth

Solar storms trigger surprising phenomena close to Earth

A new research shows that eruptions on the Sun’s surface not only send bursts of particles into Earth’s atmosphere, but - contrary to previous belief - also remove electrons across large areas. The new knowledge increases our understanding of solar...

March 03, 2017

severe weather patterns changing drastically since 1960 china

China's severe weather patterns changing drastically since 1960

In one of the most comprehensive studies on trends in local severe weather patterns to date, an international team of researchers found that the frequency of hail storms, thunderstorms and high wind events has decreased by nearly 50 percent on average throughout...

March 03, 2017

humans sparked 84 percent of us wildfires

Humans sparked 84% of US wildfires, increased fire season over 2 decades

A new study found that human-ignited wildfires in the United States accounted for 84% of all wildfires, tripling the length of the average fire season and accounting for nearly half of the total acreage burned. In total, humans have ignited over 840 000 blazes in...

February 28, 2017