Etna entered August 2021 with continued growth at its Southeast Crater and impressive paroxysmal eruptive episode, the first since July 20. Strombolian activity at the crater gradually intensified into lava fountaining by 21:22 UTC on July 31. The episode lasted...
Information on this website
The information contained on this website, including but not limited to news items, articles and opinions, are given for general information and interest purposes only. At the same time we try and ensure all the information contained on the website is accurate and up to date. We do not make any warranty or representation as to the accuracy of any such information and neither accepts any liability in connection with any information which is incorrect. You understand and agree that we cannot be held responsible for any inaccuracies in the information. You should not rely on this information, and we recommend that you take further advice or seek further guidance before taking any action based on the information contained on this website
We support freedom of speech and as such will post wide variety of topics. Users should make their own judgments about any matter discussed here and/or seek independent advice. Comments to articles made by readers are their responsibility.
The Watchers reserves the right, but does not have an obligation, to monitor and/or to review all materials posted to our website or through the site services or features by users, and is not responsible for any such materials posted by users. You understand and agree that we have no obligation to and shall not be responsible for any failure to monitor, review and/or delete any materials posted to the site or through the site’s services or features by users. However, we reserve the right at all times to disclose any information as necessary or advisable to satisfy any law, regulation or government request; and to edit, to refuse to post or to remove any information or materials, in whole or in part, that, in our discretion, are objectionable or in violation of these Terms and Conditions, applicable law, our policies or for any reason whatsoever.
Use of user content
You are solely responsible for all content that you upload, post, email or otherwise transmit via or to the Site, including the submission of articles, news, commentary and all other data, photographs, graphics, video, messages, comments or other materials. You acknowledge that we shall not be liable for any User Content provided by its users. User Content is displayed for entertainment and informational purposes only and is not controlled by The Watchers and we cannot guarantee the accuracy, integrity or quality of such User Content. You understand that by using the Site, you may be exposed to User Content that may be offensive, indecent or objectionable. Under no circumstances will The Watchers be liable in any way for any User Content, including, but not limited to, for any errors or omissions in any User Content, or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as a result of the use of any User Content posted, emailed or otherwise transmitted via the Site.
Third party web sites
Disclaimer and limitation of liability
Your use of this site is at your sole risk. The site is provided on an "as is" and "as available" basis. We reserve the right to restrict or terminate your access to the site or any feature or part thereof at any time. The Watchers expressly disclaims all warranties of any kind, whether express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose and any warranties that materials on the site are noninfringing, as well as warranties implied from a course of performance or course of dealing; that access to the site will be uninterrupted or error-free; that the site will be secure; that the site or the server that makes the site available will be virus-free; or that information on the site will be complete, accurate or timely. If you download any materials from this site, you do so at your own discretion and risk. You will be solely responsible for any damage to your computer system or loss of data that results from the download of any such materials. No advice or information, whether oral or written, obtained by you from or through or from the site shall create any warranty of any kind. We do not make any warranties or representations regarding the use of the materials on this site in terms of their completeness, correctness, accuracy, adequacy, usefulness, timeliness, reliability or otherwise.
Under no circumstances, including, but not limited to, negligence, be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special or consequential damages that result from the use of, or the inability to use, materials from this site.
You acknowledge and agree that we are not liable for any defamatory, offensive or illegal conduct of any user.
Copyright, license and fair use notification
Except where otherwise noted content on The Watchers website is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike license.
Our site may contain copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available to our readers under the provisions of “fair use” in an effort to advance a better understanding of global events, environmental issues, human rights, social issues, health, science and all other issues that we believe are important for human evolution and better understanding of life on Earth. We believe this constitutes a ‘fair use’ of the copyrighted material as provided for in Section 107 of the US Copyright Law which contains a list of the various purposes for which the reproduction of a particular work may be considered fair, such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. If you wish to use such copyrighted material for purposes of your own that go beyond ‘fair use’… you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. In accordance with Title 17 US Copyright Law Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes.
As regards the use of copyrighted material within the European Union. The European Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of May 22, 2001 on the harmonization of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society provides in its art. 5 an exhaustive list of exemptions that can be implemented by the Member States.
Amongst that list, the exemption(s) invoked must cover the reproduction and communication to the public (since the publication on the Internet implies those two acts). Generally, exemptions will be based on the purpose of the intended use. For instance, the Directive provides for an exemption to the exclusive right of reproduction and communication to the public when it is made for the sole purpose of illustration for teaching or scientific research, as long as the source, including the author’s name, is indicated, unless this turns out to be impossible and to the extent justified by the non-commercial purpose to be achieved.
Another exemption is “reproduction by the press, communication to the public or making available of published articles on current economic, political or religious topics or of broadcast works or other subject-matter of the same character, in cases where such use is not expressly reserved, and as long as the source, including the author’s name, is indicated, or use of works or other subject-matter in connection with the reporting of current events, to the extent justified by the informatory purpose and as long as the source, including the author’s name, is indicated, unless this turns out to be impossible”.
The economic benefit of fair use
A balanced copyright law provides an economic benefit to many high tech businesses such as search engines and software developers. Fair Use is also crucial to non-technology industries such as insurance, legal services, and newspaper publishers. On September 12, 2007, the Computer and Communications Industry Association (CCIA), a group representing companies including Google Inc., Microsoft Inc., Oracle Corporation, Sun Microsystems, Yahoo and other high tech companies, released a study that found that Fair Use exceptions to US copyright laws were responsible for more than $4,500 billion dollars in annual revenue for the United States economy representing one-sixth of the total US GDP. The study was conducted using a methodology developed by the World Intellectual Property Organization. The study found that fair use dependent industries are directly responsible for more than eighteen percent of US economic growth and nearly eleven million American jobs. “As the United States economy becomes increasingly knowledge-based, the concept of fair use can no longer be discussed and legislated in the abstract. It is the very foundation of the digital age and a cornerstone of our economy,” said Ed Black, President and CEO of CCIA. “Much of the unprecedented economic growth of the past ten years can actually be credited to the doctrine of fair use, as the Internet itself depends on the ability to use content in a limited and unlicensed manner.”
If you feel that your rights as a copyright owner have been compromised or that any content on The Watchers is illegal please contact us.
Waiver and severability of terms
Failure of the The Watchers to insist upon strict performance of any of the terms, conditions and covenants hereof shall not be deemed a relinquishment or waiver of any rights or remedy that the we may have, nor shall it be construed as a waiver of any subsequent breach of the terms, conditions or covenants hereof, which terms, conditions and covenants shall continue to be in full force and effect.
In the event that any provision of these Terms and Conditions is found invalid or unenforceable pursuant to any judicial decree or decision, such provision shall be deemed to apply only to the maximum extent permitted by law, and the remainder of these Terms and Conditions shall remain valid and enforceable according to its terms.
Website security notice
For site security purposes and to ensure that this service remains available to all users, this computer system employs software programs that monitor network traffic to identify unauthorized attempts to upload or change information. Anyone using this system expressly consents to such monitoring and is advised that if such monitoring reveals evidence of possible abuse or criminal activity, such evidence may be provided to appropriate law enforcement officials.
Unauthorized attempts to upload or change information on our servers are strictly prohibited and may be punishable by law.
Change of use
The Watchers reserves the right to:
- change or remove (temporarily or permanently) the Website or any part of it without notice and you confirm that The Watchers shall not be liable to you for any such change or removal and
- change these Terms & Conditions at any time, and your continued use of the Website following any changes shall be deemed to be your acceptance of such change.
For any further information please email us.