Space weather

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Solar wind parameters indicate the arrival of a slow-moving CME

Solar wind parameters over the past 12 hours indicated the arrival of a slow-moving Coronal Mass Ejection (CME), likely produced on April 10. A period of G1 - Minor storming began at 08:59 UTC on April 15. Another enhancement in parameters is expected on April 16...

April 15, 2021

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Negative polarity CH HSS sparks G2 - Moderate geomagnetic storm

Earth is under the influence of negative polarity coronal hole high speed stream (CH HSS) over the past 24 hours, sparking G2 geomagnetic storming. The source is a polar connected coronal hole located in the Sun's southern hemisphere. Geomagnetic K-index of 5...

March 20, 2021

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Negative polarity CH HSS sparks G1 - Minor geomagnetic storm and auroras in the lower 48

Earth is under the influence of a negative polarity coronal hole high speed stream, sparking G1 - Minor geomagnetic storm and auroras as low as Michigan and Wisconsin, U.S. Enhanced solar wind parameters were observed on March 13, 2021, due to co-rotating...

March 14, 2021

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Negative polarity CH HSS sparks G2 - Moderate geomagnetic storm

Earth is under the influence of a negative polarity coronal hole high speed stream (CH HSS) on March 1, 2021, sparking G1 - Minor and G2 - Moderate geomagnetic storming. Solar wind speed started increasing late February 28, from 369 km/s at 22:00 UTC to 521 km/s at...

March 01, 2021

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Filament eruption produces partial-halo CME, glancing blow expected

A solar filament eruption took place shortly before 12:00 UTC on February 20, 2021, producing a partial-halo CME. Analysis suggests a glancing blow from the periphery of the CME is likely on February 23 or 24. The CME signature was first observed in SOHO/LASCO C2...

February 22, 2021

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Slow-moving transient sparks vivid auroras around the Arctic circle

Solar wind parameters reflected the arrival of a slow-moving transient at approximately 08:23 UTC on January 11, 2021. At this time, density, temperature, and wind speed increased, sparking vivid auroras around the Arctic circle. The cause of the shock wave might...

January 12, 2021

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Unsettled to active geomagnetic field levels expected, G1 geomagnetic storm watch in effect

Unsettled to active geomagnetic field levels are possible on January 5, 2021, due to the onset of an anticipated Solar Sector Boundary Crossing (SSBC) followed by coronal hole influence late in the day. G1 - Minor geomagnetic storm conditions are likely on January 6...

January 05, 2021

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G1 - Minor geomagnetic storm watch in effect for December 23 and 24

A series of positive polarity, polar connected, coronal hole high speed streams (CH HSS) are expected to affect our planet in the days ahead, resulting in G1 - Minor geomagnetic storming. The area of impact is primarily poleward of 60 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude....

December 22, 2020

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CME impact detected, G3 - Strong geomagnetic storm watch remains but confidence diminishing

A geomagnetic sudden impulse -- CME produced by a long-duration C7.4 solar flare on December 7, was observed at DSCOVR satellite at the L1 point at 01:32 UTC on December 10. The total field reached 16 nT while wind speeds topped out near 571 km/s, producing a period...

December 10, 2020

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Long-duration C7.4 solar flare produces asymmetric full halo CME, impact expected on December 9

A long-duration solar flare measuring C7.4 at its peak erupted from Active Region 2790 -- positioned in Earth-striking zone -- at 16:32 UTC on December 7, 2020. The event started at 15:46, peaked at 16:32, and ended at 17:33 UTC. An asymmetric full halo coronal mass...

December 08, 2020

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Moderately strong M4.4 solar flare erupts, CME produced

A moderately strong solar flare measuring M4.4 at its peak erupted at 13:11 UTC on November 29, 2020, from a region about to rotate into Earth view. The event started at 12:34 and ended at 13:41 UTC. This is the strongest solar flare in more than 3 years. A Type II...

November 29, 2020

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Biggest sunspot in years producing multiple B- and C-class solar flares

Although solar activity remains at low levels, Active Region 2786 -- the biggest sunspot in years -- has produced multiple C- and B-class flares since November 25. Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) were also observed, but none was Earth-directed. While we are still...

November 28, 2020

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Glancing blow CME possible on November 1

A Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) produced by a C4.3 flare at 06:16 UTC on October 27, 2020, was analyzed by the SWPC and determined to be a possible glancing blow on November 1. The source of the flare was a large AR 2778 which produced multiple B- and C-class flares...

October 28, 2020

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'Extremely rare' red auroras seen for two nights in a row over Finland

Extremely rare red auroras were seen over Utsjoki, Finland, on Monday and Tuesday, October 12 and 13, 2020. These natural light display, also referred to as northern lights, are normally green. However, for some reason, the solar wind on Monday excited oxygen at...

October 14, 2020

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CH HSS sparks G1 - Minor geomagnetic storm, G2 - Moderate warning

A recurrent, positive polarity coronal hole high speed stream (CH HSS) is affecting our planet since September 23, sparking active to G1 - Minor geomagnetic storm conditions. A G2 - Moderate geomagnetic storm warning was issued at 08:07 UTC today. In 24 hours to...

September 24, 2020

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SC25 Prediction Panel announces the start of a new solar cycle, expects continued below-average strength

Solar minimum occurred in December 2019, marking the start of a new solar cycle, the Solar Cycle 25 Prediction Panel, an international group of experts co-sponsored by NASA and NOAA, announced on September 15, 2020. The solar minimum between Solar Cycle 24 and 25 -...

September 15, 2020

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Series of coronal holes spark G1 - Minor geomagnetic storming

Our planet is under the influence of a series of coronal holes since August 25, 2020, sparking unsettled to G1 - Minor geomagnetic storm conditions. The effect is expected to continue through at least September 2. G1 - Minor geomagnetic storm threshold was first...

August 31, 2020