Research - page 3

anak krakatau indonesia gfz research october 2019

Early warning signals before deadly flank collapse at Anak Krakatau, Indonesia

Research has shown that the Anak Krakatau volcano in Indonesia displayed clear warning signals before it collapsed into the Sunda strait between the Sumatra and Java islands on December 22, 2018. The event triggered a tsunami which resulted in 430 fatalities. The...

October 05, 2019

researchers confirmed karla crater an impact structure sept 23 2019

Researchers confirm Karla crater in Russia an impact structure

Karla Crater, located in Tatarstan, Russia is confirmed to be an impact structure by researchers on September 23, 2019. The crater, which is 10 km (6.2 miles) in diameter, is now one of about 150 other large impact structures on the planet. It is located near the...

September 29, 2019

microplastics become benthic sept 24 2019

Microplastics in the Great Lakes become benthic, study shows

Sediment petrologist Patricia Corcoran and several of her students at the University of Western Ontario found that microplastics in the Great Lakes are becoming benthic, as presented on the Geological Study of America Annual Meeting in Phoenix, Arizona, on September...

September 29, 2019

north america lost 3 billion birds since 1970

North America has lost around 3 billion birds since 1970, study finds

A new study found that North America has approximately 3 billion fewer birds that there were in 1970. The loss represents a 29% population decline, making it an "overlooked biodiversity crisis" according to the authors. "I couldn't believe that...

September 23, 2019

sandymount ir f

Old World megadroughts and pluvials

Researchers have developed the "Old World Drought Atlas" (OWDA), an atlas that used tree rings to map the climate history of Europe during the Common Era. The OWDA matches historical accounts of severe drought and wetness with a spatial completeness not...

September 20, 2019

sabancaya volcano peru f

Researchers test new method in volcanic eruption forecasting

A research team has tested a new technique that could possibly forecast how a volcanic eruption will happen accurately. The method combined physics and statistics to capture the probability of past eruption patterns. The risk of volcanic eruptions is unpredictable...

September 20, 2019

galaxy gsn069 esa sept 11 2019

First detection of strong, rapid and regular X-ray bursts from a supermassive black hole

Astronomers found a supermassive black hole in an active galactic nucleus producing rapid and periodic eruptions of X-rays every nine hours. The nucleus contains about 400 000 times the mass of the Sun and is about 250 million light-years from Earth. According to a...

September 15, 2019

why purple sky colorado

Purple Colorado sky caused by Raikoke volcano eruption in Russia

Researchers from the University of Colorado Boulder revealed that the purple sky seen in the state was due to the eruption that occurred on Raikoke volcano in Russia, located 7 535 km (4 682 miles) away, on June 22, 2019. The team, composed of atmospheric scientists...

September 15, 2019

comet c2019q4 sept 10 2019

Comet 2019 Q4 (Borisov) likely an interstellar visitor

NASA believes that the mysterious comet named C/2019 Q4, which exited the astronomical community this week, is from outside the solar system. The object was discovered by Gennady Borisov, a Crimean astronomer at the MARGO observatory, Nauchnij, on August 30, 2019....

September 15, 2019

fire

Researchers create model that can predict how wildfires will burn in next 20 minutes

Researchers from Brigham Young University, Utah, studied the chemistry of burning shrubs and made a model that can predict how forest fires will burn in the next 20 minutes instead of the next weeks. The university posted a snippet of the study on their YouTube...

September 14, 2019

raikoke eruption 2019 f

Avoidable deaths - volcanoes kill more people long after first eruption

The drawn-out nature of volcanic eruptions can cause more fatalities than the seemingly brief explosion itself, according to a study by researchers from the United Kingdom and Trinidad and Tobago published on August 14, 2019. Residents who live within the vicinity...

September 14, 2019

csm_LMU_Geophysics_28dd7446da

New research shows the role of earthquake motions in causing devastating 2018 tsunami in Palu, Sulawesi, Indonesia

An international team of geologists, geophysicists, and mathematicians presented in a newly published study how coupled computer models can exactly display the conditions that resulted in the 2018 Palu earthquake and tsunami - one of the deadliest natural disasters...

September 12, 2019

lake rotoroa new zealand f

Pesticides banned in Europe found in New Zealand streams, study shows

Banned pesticides in several European countries were found in New Zealand waterways and agricultural streams, according to a study by a team from the University of Otago. The study was led by Associate Professor Christoph Matthaei from the University of Otago's...

September 08, 2019

lake ilopango el salvador f

Scientists trace source of massive Iron age volcanic eruption that triggered global cooling

Scientists have discovered that Lake Ilopango, the caldera of Ilopango volcanic complex, El Salvador was the source of the strongest volcanic eruption in the last 7 000 years that resulted in global cooling, affecting crops worldwide. According to National...

September 04, 2019

the church of st john at kaneo ohrid

Oldest lake in Europe unravels 1.3 million years of climate history

Scientists found out what the climate was like over 1.3 million years ago in the mid and north Mediterranean after studying Lake Ohrid, Europe's oldest lake. The results of their research are published in the scientific journal Nature. "We discovered a...

September 04, 2019

6 newly discovered underwater volcanoes sicily

Six underwater volcanoes discovered near Sicily, Mediterranean Sea

Scientists have discovered a series of previously unknown volcanoes just off the coast of SW Sicily, Italy. The three northern volcanoes show a tuff cone-like morphology while the three most southern edifices have a truncated-conical shape. Ages of all newly...

August 06, 2019

ciomadul volcano by istván fodor

Proof of magma reservoir beneath seemingly inactive Ciomadul volcano, Romania

The rocks in the upper crust of seemingly extinct Ciomadul volcano in Romania are 15% molten and in some regions up to 45%, a new study finds. That a seemingly dead volcano like Ciomadul is actually capable of erupting in the future calls for renewed attention to...

August 01, 2019