Research - page 2

high risk unprecedented rainfall uk

UK Met Office: High risk of unprecedented rainfall in the UK

New innovative research has found that for England and Wales there is a 1 in 3 chance of a new monthly rainfall record in at least one region each winter (October - March). In the last few years, several rainfall events have caused widespread flooding in the UK. In...

July 25, 2017

lake sidi ali moroccan middle atlas

Dust deposits give new insights into the history of the Sahara

The Sahara is the world's largest desert and dust source with significant impacts on trans-Atlantic terrestrial and large-scale marine ecosystems. Remote Saharan dust influences the Earth's radiation budget and tropical North Atlantic ocean-atmosphere...

July 20, 2017

plastic waste

Over 9.1 billion tons of plastic have been produced and most of it thrown away

More than 9.1 billion tons of plastic have been manufactured since the material was initially mass-produced in the 1950s, according to "the first global analysis of all mass-produced plastics," which reports the majority has ended up in landfills or...

July 20, 2017

mahantango creek watershed pennsylvania

Pennsylvania watershed contaminated with radioactive material and endocrine-disrupting chemicals

Hydraulic fracturing has enabled a domestic oil and gas boom in the U.S., but its rapid growth has raised questions about what to do with the billions of gallons of wastewater that result. Researchers now report that treating the wastewater and releasing it into...

July 12, 2017

lhcb cern new particles visualization

CERN's LHCb experiment announces observation of a new particle

At the EPS Conference on High Energy Physics held this week in Venice, the LHCb experiment at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider has reported the observation of Ξcc++ (Xicc++) a new particle containing two charm quarks and one up quark. The existence of this...

July 08, 2017

strike slip

How strike-slip faults form, the origin of earthquakes

Structural geologist Michele Cooke calls it the "million-dollar question" that underlies all work in her laboratory at the University of Massachusetts Amherst: what goes on deep in the earth as strike-slip faults form in the crust? This is the fault type...

July 08, 2017

earth magnetic field study

Study finds Earth’s magnetic field ‘simpler than we thought’

Scientists have identified patterns in the Earth’s magnetic field that evolve on the order of 1 000 years, providing new insight into how the field works and adding a measure of predictability to changes in the field not previously known. The discovery also...

July 08, 2017

cern large hadron collider

CERN: Unprecedented number of particles reached in record time at LHC

CERN reports that an unprecedented number of particles has been reached in record time at their Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Just five weeks after physics resumed, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is already running at full throttle, their report said. On Wednesday,...

June 30, 2017

fires in africa may 2017

Steep drop in natural and human-caused fires worldwide

Researchers using NASA satellites to detect fires and burn scars from space have found that an ongoing transition from nomadic cultures to settled lifestyles and intensifying agriculture has led to a steep drop in the use of fire for land clearing and an overall...

June 30, 2017

fossils from pliocene marine megafauna extinction

Previously unknown extinction of marine megafauna discovered

Over two million years ago, a third of the largest marine animals like sharks, whales, sea birds and sea turtles disappeared. This previously unknown extinction event not only had a considerable impact on the Earth’s historical biodiversity but also on the...

June 28, 2017

self assembling particles

Sound waves direct particles to self-assemble, self-heal

An elegantly simple experiment with floating particles self-assembling in response to sound waves has provided a new framework for studying how seemingly lifelike behaviors emerge in response to external forces. Scientists at the Department of Energy’s...

June 28, 2017

orbiting black holes

Groundbreaking discovery confirms existence of orbiting supermassive black holes

For the first time ever, astronomers at The University of New Mexico say they've been able to observe and measure the orbital motion between two supermassive black holes hundreds of millions of light years from Earth - a discovery more than a decade in the...

June 28, 2017

distant earthquakes can cause underwater landslides

Distant earthquakes can cause underwater landslides

New research finds large earthquakes can trigger underwater landslides thousands of miles away, weeks or months after the quake occurs. Researchers analyzing data from ocean bottom seismometers off the Washington-Oregon coast tied a series of underwater landslides...

June 28, 2017

planet 10 new planet kuiper belt

Study suggests another large planetary body exists in Solar System

A new study from the University of Arizona suggests that an unknown, and currently unseen planetary body exists in the outer reaches of our solar system. The planet is located far beyond Pluto and has a mass somewhere between that of Mars and Earth. This object is...

June 23, 2017

incecisive weather by sheila sund

How large-scale water cycles influence quake activity in California

A new study shows how seasonal changes in large-scale water cycles in California influence small-scale quake activity. It confirms that the annual hydrological loading cycle modulates microseismicity in California. The results of the study reveal how snow, rain,...

June 16, 2017

quantum enabled satellite micius

China breaks quantum physics record, transmits entangled photons over 1 200 km

For the first time, scientists have realized the satellite-based distribution of entangled photon pairs over a distance of 1 200 km (745 miles). The photon pairs were demonstrated to be still entangled after traveling long distances and Bell's inequality was...

June 16, 2017

all stars born in pairs

Our sun had a twin when it was born, study

According to a new analysis by a theoretical physicist from UC Berkley and a radio astronomer from the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory at Harvard University, our sun, as well as every other sunlike star in the universe, had a twin when it was born. Astronomers...

June 14, 2017