Research

kilauea 2018 2

Measuring magma viscosity helps predict volcanic eruption style

The style of a volcanic eruption depends on magma viscosity, as well as its hazard potential, but it can only be measured during or after an eruption. After a study of the 2018 Kilauea Eruption in Hawaii, a team of scientists was able to identify an indicator of...

April 15, 2021

alaska volcanic eruption 2009

Detecting significant thermal unrest years before volcanic eruption

Scientists at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and the University of Alaska (UA) have developed a new method that may lead to earlier predictions of volcanic eruptions. There are telltale warning signs that a volcano is likely to erupt in the future,...

April 14, 2021

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Study reveals key discovery about aurora activity on Jupiter

A team of international researchers has made a major discovery about aurora activity on Jupiter. Their study supports the previously controversial idea that Jupiter's polar cap is threaded in part with closed magnetic field lines and proves the lights hold clues...

April 14, 2021

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Study reveals anomaly in pre-seismic atmospheric radon associated with inland earthquakes

Previous studies have shown elevated levels of radon in the atmosphere prior to the mainshock of a huge inland earthquake. However, in a new study, researchers revealed an anomaly in this phenomenon as they found that the concentration of the radioactive element...

April 13, 2021

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Enormous chunks of alien planet Theia are buried beneath the Earth, research suggests

Scientists believe that around 4.5 billion years ago, a protoplanet called Theia collided with the Earth, sending debris into space that eventually formed the Moon. According to new research, the crash also likely left enormous chunks-- even millions of times larger...

April 11, 2021

el nino la nina

Study shows correlation between solar variability and El Nino-La Nina events

A new study shows a link between the end of solar cycles and a switch from El Nino to La Nina events in the Pacific Ocean, indicating that solar variability can trigger seasonal weather variability on Earth. If the connection holds up, it could improve the...

April 06, 2021

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NOAA study takes step closer to predicting meteotsunamis

A new study by NOAA shows the promise of forecasting meteotsunamis after scientists were able to reconstruct the first documented meteotsunami in the Great Lakes in 2018. On April 13, 2018, a huge wave surged across Lake Michigan, flooding the shores of Ludington...

April 02, 2021

antarctica meteorite

Large meteoritic event over Antarctica 430 000 years ago

An international team of scientists has found new evidence that a low-altitude meteoritic event occurred over Antarctica 430 000 years ago. Cosmic particles recovered on the summit of Walnumfjellet indicate that an unusual touchdown event reached the continent's...

April 01, 2021

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New model replaces dark energy theory with magnetic forces

It has been long believed that 70 percent of the universe is composed of dark energy, which makes it expand at an ever-increasing rate. However, a new model by researchers from the University of Copenhagen (UCPH) suggests that the expansion is due to a dark...

April 01, 2021

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A tropical storm in 2018 produced the lowest temperature ever recorded on Earth

A tropical storm just south of the equator in the southwestern Pacific Ocean on December 29, 2018, produced an unprecedented temperature of -111.2 °C (161.96 K / -168.1 °F), the lowest recorded on Earth, according to a recent scientific research paper. The...

March 31, 2021

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Hubble makes unexpected discovery on the process of star formation

New observations from the Hubble Space Telescope have changed our understanding of star formation as what scientists previously believed may have been an off-switch for the process does not work that way after all. The telescope shows that the powerful astrophysical...

March 29, 2021

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Unexpected strike-slip earthquake uncovers hidden mechanism

Researchers uncovered the reason for unexpected strike-slip earthquakes, where two pieces of crust slide past each other on a fault, in areas where subduction zone tremors are common. From July to October 2020, a series of earthquakes occurred in Shumagin Islands,...

March 27, 2021

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Study provides evidence of a magnetic field anomaly in Southeast Asia 800 years agojavascript:;

An international team of researchers has discovered evidence of a magnetic field anomaly in Southeast Asia roughly 800 years ago. The researchers conducted an archaeomagnetic study on an iron-smelting site from Cambodia, an area currently devoid of data. The results...

March 14, 2021

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Research reveals unknown mechanisms that generate auroras

New research has revealed an unknown mechanism of the magnetosphere-- electrons from the Sun are propelled by electrical energy higher than previously thought, ultimately creating displays of northern and southern lights or auroras. The formation of auroras starts...

March 14, 2021

antarctica linked to gondwana 2

Scientists discover east Antarctica's magnetic link to its ancient neighbors in Gondwana

An international team of scientists was able to determine where Antarctica has been linked to its former neighbors in the supercontinent Gondwana. Using geology and satellites, the researchers discovered high-resolution details about the missing links between...

March 14, 2021

atacama deser

Importance of Rossby waves and atmospheric moisture transport for extreme precipitation events

A new study has presented for the first time a global and systematic climatological analysis of breaking waves and atmospheric moisture transport, in tandem and in isolation, for the occurrence of extreme precipitation events, which frequently cause catastrophic...

March 14, 2021

typhoon hagibis japan

Tropical cyclone landfall locations over the western North Pacific shifting in 100-year intervals

A team of scientists investigated tropical cyclone (TC) activity over the western North Pacific and landfalls in Japan by examining a combination of TC tracking and meteorological data, including recovered historical observations in the mid-19th century. The...

March 04, 2021