Earth changes

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Rare weather phenomenon amassing in southern hemisphere - Sudden Stratospheric Warming (SSW)

A rare weather phenomenon for the southern hemisphere - Sudden Stratospheric Warming (SSW) - is amassing in the polar stratosphere. This may lead to unusual or extreme weather in parts of the southern hemisphere (potentially New Zealand) during September and October...

August 22, 2019

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INPE: Record number of wildfires in Brazil's Amazon

Brazil's National Institute for Space Research (INPE) said the country's Amazon rainforest has seen 72 843 wildfires so far this year. The number represents an 83% increase over the same period of 2018 and a record since 2013 when their record-keeping began....

August 22, 2019

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The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report: August 14 - 20, 2019

New activity/unrest was reported for 6 volcanoes from August 14 to 20, 2019. During the same period, ongoing activity was reported for 16 volcanoes. New activity/unrest: Asamayama, Honshu (Japan) | Semisopochnoi, United States | Shishaldin, Fox Islands (USA) |...

August 21, 2019

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Shallow M6.0 earthquake hits Western Indian-Antarctic Ridge

A strong and shallow earthquake registered by the USGS as M6.0 hit Western Indian-Antarctic Ridge at 14:28 UTC on August 21, 2019. The agency is reporting a depth of 10 km (6.2 miles). EMSC is reporting the same magnitude and depth. The epicenter was located 987 km...

August 21, 2019

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Unprecedented wildfire rips through the island of Gran Canaria, Spain

An unprecedented wildfire is burning on the island of Gran Canaria, Spain’s Canary Islands since August 17, 2019. Although it has now started to subside, it engulfed around 10 000 ha (24 710 acres) of land, leading to the evacuation of over 9 000 people from...

August 21, 2019

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Shallow M6.0 earthquake hits Santa Cruz Islands, Solomon Islands

A strong earthquake registered by the USGS as M6.0 hit Santa Cruz Islands, Solomon Islands at 13:03 UTC on August 20, 2019. The agency is reporting a depth of 45 km (28 miles). EMSC is reporting the same magnitude and depth. The epicenter was located 89 km (55...

August 20, 2019

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1 058 killed, 1.8 million displaced since the start of the monsoon season, India

The number of people killed in floods, landslides and other weather-related incidents since the start of this year's monsoon season in India has reached 1 058. According to the latest report of the National Emergency Response Centre (NDMI), the death toll...

August 20, 2019

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Thousands evacuated as major wildfire rages on Gran Canaria, Canary Islands

More than 8 000 people were evacuated from dozens of towns on Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain after wildfire which broke on Saturday, August 17, 2019, near the town of Tejeda spread in two directions and scorched more than 1 700 (4 200 acres) of land by Sunday...

August 19, 2019

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Underwater eruption near Fonualei Island, Tonga

A new underwater eruption took place near Fonualei island in the Tonga archipelago on August 7, 2019. The eruption was first reported on August 7 when large clouds were observed 'on the horizon at the location of Fonualei volcano.' "The plume continued...

August 19, 2019

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Intense activity at Stromboli volcano, Italy

Intense effusive activity from numerous vents at Stromboli volcano in Italy has resumed again on August 18, 2019, after several days decreased activity. Frequent and often strong strombolian eruptions occur from several active vents in the crater terrace. Lava from...

August 19, 2019

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Landslides, flash floods wreak havoc across Himachal Pradesh

Extensive rainfall, floods and landslides are wreaking havoc across the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh on August 17 and 18, 2019. The state has so far received 200% above average rains this monsoon. Incessant rains in Himachal Pradesh have led to the death of 18...

August 18, 2019

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Deadly floods hit Istanbul after 4 months' worth of rain in 90 minutes, Turkey

Extremely heavy rain hit Istanbul and other cities in NW Turkey on August 17, 2019, causing severe flooding in which one person lost its life. Streets and basements were flooded, drivers stranded and public transport disrupted after heavy rain hit Turkish city of...

August 18, 2019

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Severe floods leave at least 50 dead, thousands of homes destroyed, Sudan

Thousands of homes were destroyed and at least 50 people have been killed in severe floods affecting Sudan over the past 10 days. Flooding has affected 25 localities in 16 of Sudan's 18 states. Catastrophic health conditions are expected if authorities do not...

August 16, 2019

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Rare lightning strikes detected near the North Pole

Rare lightning strikes were detected within 480 km (300 miles) of the North Pole on Saturday, August 10, 2019. A number of lightning strikes were recorded between 16:00 and 18:00 AKDT on August 10 (02:00 - 04:00 UTC, August 11) within 480 km (300 miles) of the North...

August 15, 2019

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The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report: August 7 - 13, 2019

New activity/unrest was reported for 7 volcanoes from August 7 - 13, 2019. Ongoing activity was reported for 18 volcanoes. New activity/unrest: Asamayama, Honshu (Japan) | Sarychev Peak, Matua Island (Russia) | Shishaldin, Fox Islands (USA) | Slamet, Central Java...

August 14, 2019

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Increased seismicity under Loki-Fögrufjöll volcano (Hamarinn), Iceland

Increased seismic activity is taking place under Iceland's Hamarinn volcano, a part of Bardarbunga volcanic system, also known as Loki-Fögrufjöll. The largest earthquakes over the past 48 hours were two M2.8 registered at a depth of 11 km (6.8 miles)...

August 14, 2019

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Major explosions at Popocatepetl volcano, Mexico

Seven moderate and two major explosions took place at Mexico's Popocatepetl volcano on August 13, 2019. Popocatepetl monitoring network detected 209 exhalations in 24 hours to 16:00 UTC on August 13, accompanied by steam, gas and ash emissions, and 496 minutes...

August 14, 2019