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Worst drought in 90 years hits Namibia, over 61 000 cattle and other livestock perish


Severe drought is affecting Namibia, causing deaths of more than 41 000 cattle over a period of ten months, reports showed on October 3, 2019. Officials describe it as the worst drought in 90 years.

More than 60 000 livestock have perished due to extreme drought conditions from October 2018 to July 2019. This includes 41 949 cattle, 10 377 sheep, 25 651 goats, 584 donkeys, and about 312 horses. The numbers were confirmed by agriculture minister Alpheus Naruseb on October 2 upon a New Era inquiry.

The records come after the July 2019 Synthesis Report on the State of Food and Nutrition Security and Vulnerability. The statistics also unveiled that more than 30 000 cattle deaths were recorded between October 2018 and April 2019 in Namibia.

The shocking fact about it is that those dates were the usual rainfall season in the country.

"The figures we have been obtaining from the regions through our veterinary services functionaries sum up to 60 000-plus. In terms of livestock losses, the heaviest regions so far affected are Kunene, Omusati, Oshana, Oshikoto, Omaheke, Kharas and Hardap regions," Naruseb stated

The minister added that it is where farmers were affected the hardest. "That adds up to a total of 60 000-plus. This gives you a picture of where the drought has been creating havoc within animal numbers."

With an initial budget of N$572.7 million ($39.6 million), the government drought relief interventions are focused on specific programs such as livestock support, food provision, logistics, and water services.

Image credit: @jasperwilde/Unsplash

Prime Minister Saara Kuugongelwa-Amadhila said the government has acknowledged the fact that climatic conditions keep being unfavorable and continue to have negative impacts not only on livestock but also on communities. The budget allocation has increased following the rise of the number of beneficiaries for food relief, fodder, and additional interventions. Amadhila said in order to optimize the benefits, there will be prompt distribution to beneficiaries.

She also explained the challenges linked to dependance on conventional grazing of animals has urged the government to see the need to plan more innovative methods and harness new technologies that would be resilient to drought. A case in point is the introduction of a hydroponic system, which could feed many cattle as it can produce fodder in seven days.

"As the use of hydroponic system gains momentum among farmers, the government has approved a subsidy scheme to support small-scale farmers who want to venture into non-mechanised fodder production."

With this, officials are also planning to train farmers on how to use hydroponic fodder production. Amadhila encouraged farmers to participate by approaching the offices of the Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry. There are other innovative methods available like the bush-to-feed production system, and she urged farmers to explore the initiative.

A support package will also be developed under the plans provided through public funding institutions to aid farmers who are interested to explore the initiatives.

Speaker of Parliament Peter Katjavivi also said there is a need to find better ways to deal with natural calamities as over 60% of the Namibian population depend on agriculture, forestry, and fishery to maintain their livelihoods.

"An increasing population relying on natural resources in the northern communal areas has caused many environmental challenges, which interact also with each other. Some of the impacts of land degradation include a reduction in agricultural productivity, reduction in water quality and quantity, as well as soil erosion and increased flooding. The degradation of land is caused by both natural as well as human-induced factors."

Featured image credit: @kamileleo/Unsplash


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  1. We tried to offer our revolutionary fodder solution to the ministry of agriculture 4 years ago on numerous occasions which we can still offer them. Unfortunately when you have the wellbeing of the country at heart and not the pockets of the officials, our country will never rise to be resiliant.
    If we were given the opportunity and limited backing back in 2015 as we asked for, multiple times, our project would have been at the scale in 2018 where the bulk of the effects of the drought on livestock in the 4 O’s regions would have been averted.
    All this, without ANY use of potable water resources or arable land used for food production and a minimum of 200 new permanent jobs as well as community shareholding on 1 project…

    Perhaps this current disaster will be the wake up call for the decision makers to give people like us a chance to show that there are local people with ideas that are proven to work.

    I dare all / any senior government official(s) that reads this that has this country’s citizens best interests at heart to contact me.

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