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Record-breaking flooding hits North Carolina, officials fear worst natural disaster


Record river flooding continues in eastern North Carolina after heavy weekend rain produced by now-dissipated Hurricane "Matthew" fell on already saturated soil.

As of early October 11, Matthew's US death toll has climbed to at least 23, with nearly half of the casualties in North Carolina.

North Carolina officials warn that life-threatening flooding from swollen rivers will continue for days and fear a repeat of Hurricane "Floyd" of 1999, one of the state's worst natural disasters.

North Carolina received as much as 466.8 mm (18.38 inches) of rain from Hurricane "Matthew" over the weekend. It produced over 203 mm (8 inches) of rainfall in 6 hours of early October 8 over portions of east North Carolina and totaled over 355.6 mm (14 inches). Hourly rainfall estimates were as high as 178 mm (7 inches).

466.8 (18.38 inches) was recorded in Elizabethtown, William O Huske Lock 3 measured 387.5 mm (15.65 inches) and Fayetteville 376.4 mm (14.82 inches).

But North Carolina was already soaked when Matthew formed, with several dams at critically high levels. Over 228 mm (9 inches) of flooding rain fell in eastern parts of the country on September 29, 2016, washing away roads and causing numerous water rescues. The hardest hit was the city of Fayetteville in Cumberland County where 25 water rescues were performed. 

This extra rain brought by Matthew caused widespread flash flooding and record river flooding. 

Towns across the state have been deluged, roads paralyzed and left without power, leaving some communities stranded. 

At least 11 people have died in the state and with major flooding events still in progress authorities fear the number will rise.

Video courtesy The Washington Post

State of emergency declared

President Barack Obama declared a state of emergency in North Carolina on Monday, October 10, making federal funding available to affected individuals in 10 counties hit by the storm.

“This storm is not over in North Carolina," Governor Pat McCrory said. “It’s going to be a long, tough journey."

Some 2 000 residents were stuck in their homes and on rooftops in Lumberton, off the Lumber River, after the city suddenly flooded on Monday morning, McCrory said. Rescue workers were scrambling to reach more than 1 000 people.

On Tuesday, October 11, residents in low-lying areas southwest of Raleigh were urged to seek higher ground amid warnings of flash floods and fears that a major dam could rupture.

A mandatory evacuation was also issued for residents and businesses along the Neuse River. Areas further downstream such as Kinston are expected to see levels peak around October 15.

Officials in North Carolina fear a repeat of Hurricane Floyd, one of the state’s worst natural disasters.

That storm caused 57 deaths — 35 of them in North Carolina, most of them from inland drowning in the days after rain subsided.

Floyd also caused an estimated $6 billion in damages, leaving thousands without homes and keeping communities underwater for days and weeks.

In some cases, the flooding rivals that of Floyd.

Hurricane Matthew near Florida, US on October 7, 2016

Hurricane "Matthew" near Florida, US on October 7, 2016. Credit: NASA/NOAA/DoD Suomi NPP/VIIRS

Record river flooding

As of 12:00 UTC on October 11, 2016, there are 55 gauges in different flood stages across the Carolinas and Virginia, most of them in eastern North Carolina. 15 of them are showing major flooding, 12 of which in North Carolina and 3 in South Carolina.

Flooding gauges North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia - 12:00 UTC on October 11, 2016

North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia gauges at 12:00 UTC on October 11, 2016. Credit: NOAA/USGS

So far, at least four river gauge locations have seen record flooding.

Lower Little River at Manchester broke old record set on September 19, 1945, by more than 0.76 m (2.5 feet). The river peaked on October 10 at 9.67 m (31.73 feet) and is expected to drop below flood stage (5.48 m / 18 feet) late this week.

Neuse River at Smithfield exceeded record crest by over 0.45 m (1.5 feet) on October 10 at 8.86 m (29.09 feet) and is expected to drop below flood stage (4.57 m / 15 feet) this week.

Lumber River at Lumberton exceeded record crest by nearly 1.21 m (4 feet) on October 9 breaking the record set in 2004 by Hurricane "Francis." The river is forecast to remain in record flood stage through the rest of the week.

Lumber River at Lumberton West 5th Street crushed previous record crest by 1.18 m (3.9 feet). It peaked on October 9 at 7.43 m (24.39 feet), beating the previous record crest of 6.24 m (20.5 feet).

Over the next few days, major flooding is expected in central and eastern towns along the Lumber, Cape Fear, Neuse and Tar rivers.

Spencer Rogers, a coastal construction and erosion specialist with North Carolina State University’s Sea Grant program, said the flooding in North Carolina is driven by the dynamics of the state’s river systems as they run through the coastal plain. “The ocean can receive a lot of water,” he said.

“It’s the river areas where the confined river basin backs up the water and it just can’t flow out fast enough.”

Featured image: Flooding in Nags Head, North Carolina on October 9, 2016. Credit: Mike Morgan (via Twitter)

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One Comment

  1. This is a small whopper. Matthew is overrated by weathermen after Haiti (before NC), where it was correctly estimated. Matthew is no Sandy for Floridians and Georgians who should not have evacuated. North Carolina’ flooding is due to time=space, which was corrected estimated. Weathermen are a little too overzealous. They should have slowed down. Consequently, the purpose of Matthew is hidden from people who worship science.

    Watcher, that potent snowstorm blasted through the Canadian Prairies on October 6, 2016, dumping up to 50 cm (1.6 feet) of October snow on Saskatchewan and Manitoba, will be strategically under-reported. So is the one in Montana.
    So far so good.
    A good sprinter can tell you that in order to run fast, one has to relax their muscles first.
    When you look at the running of Carl Lewis, Ichio Suzuki and a Cheetah, you can see they are gliding with ease. When you look at Usian Bolt, his running is so ugly. No wonder why it is like an ugly Boeing 747. Therefore, his running is a fraud. His length is out of balance with his extreme tight muscle contractions. There is a reason why he looks aging so fast. The drug test based on the non-existent Periodic Table of Elements is just BS.

    The Old England Ex-pats were winning without the QB. This alone logically shows he is not the first-order cause. Then they moved to the coach whose team has lost to the Bills. He is not the cause either. To be a fundamental cause, it has to account for all the effects. They were allowed to be confident and hence play relaxed. There is a reason why winning breeds more winnings. NFL is hard to watch because most players are too tense and cannot slow down their brain nerves. Too much space=time between a defender and a receiver. There is a wisdom of good players’ feeling their games are slowed down.

    Chicago Cubs need to slow down a little. Then there would be no Game 5. Otherwise, it would be the game 5.

    Seattle Seahawks’ QB needs to play like his DB Richard Sherman who plays with confidence. The game slows down for him now. His FS Earl Thomas plays a bit too tight. When RW said Rams’ defense threw tons of stuff to him, he was lost before the 2nd half. RW needs to simplify his game. Also, when he runs, other players should run to/around him to form a new concentration of offense. The Old England coach has the wisdom that he focuses on taking away an opponent’s One key strength in offense and defense. A team cannot be proficient in many play formations due to limited time=space in practice and game. Once that happens, Seahawks are unstoppable. They should win the match against the No. 12 in his home turf ahead. 12s Vs 12. Winning early is much better than late due to greater leverage. 1st and 5 is ONE hell of One lot better than 3rd and 7. The wind will keep coming to the NW with confidence.

    The race to the D.C. needs to slow down. You can curse your fate, but eventually you have to let it go.
    Once you are relaxed, a cool head shows up.
    1. Does the female runner break the law regarding the classified security information?
    The judge from NJ should help the male runner focus on this ONE issue. He did a fine job in reasoning during the male runners’ huddle.
    2. If yes, should the female runner be disqualified?
    3. If the male runner breaks the law due to lewd comments or tax return, then he is disqualified.
    IRS needs to show evidences for conviction regarding tax.
    4. Is certificate for the certificate of Birth in HI is the same as the real certificate of birth. If not, then the real certificate needs to be presented for the former winner. Otherwise, the medal should be forfeited.
    5. Who financed the sailing of native Africans to the New World ? This was such a costly game. Why is there no muslim shortstop against a Jewish pitcher in the US? Why only black RBs against white LBs? Or Muslim receivers against white DBs? It seems that the combinations are much more concentrated against the diverse players? Please enlighten.
    6. USGS players need to reduce complaints. Otherwise, other players will not listen to you any longer.

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