Geologists discovered new volcano and fault line in Leepa valley, Kashmir


A team of geologists has claimed to have observed a volcanic activity, though on a very small scale, in the Kesarkot and Hanjana areas of Leepa valley in the month of March this year. Leepa valley is located some 100 kilometres southeast of Muzaffarabad in Kashmir.

The lava erupted on the surface, emitting smoke for three days, following which residents of the area reported it to AJK University department for Geology. A team of geologists visited the valley for geological survey and investigations. Scientists collected rock samples from solidified lava for chemical and physical analysis and carried out microscopic study and chemical analysis of some selected samples. The field and laboratory data suggested that rocks were formed from lava flow. The Silica (SiO2) content in rock samples was 71 per cent.

The team also carried out geophysical investigations of Leepa, Reshian and Lamnian areas and geophysical data showed presence of a deep fault in the Leepa valley along which the lava flow occurred. Scientists emphasised the need for additional investigations in order to avoid any hazardous problems in the area.

Team of scientist investigating the Leepa valley volcanic activity are Prof Dr Mohammad Rustum of the AJK University, Prof Dr Mohammad Sabir Khan and M.Phil scholars Mohammad Saleem Mughal and Fahad Hameed. (Dawn)

A team of experts comprising professors and geologists of the AJK University conducted an extensive tour of the areas where the volcano was discovered. They found traces of lava in Leepa Valley and Kaisarkote located adjacent to Karnah sector. They also came to know that residents had seen smoke emanating from the soil in these areas. After conducting the tour and thorough research they expressed apprehensions about the volcano erupting any time.

A team of experts has confirmed that volcano is present in these areas and it is ticking. After conducting a test of a few sample rocks in the area it became clear that lava has seeped into these. Experts have also discovered a “fault line” in the area and further investigations are on. (GreaterKashmir)

Muzaffarabad sits at the boundary between the slowly colliding Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates, both composed of thick continental crust. The pressure of the collision isn’t released gradually, but suddenly, when rocks that can no longer bear the stress crack. These forces make Kashmir one of the most earthquake-prone regions on Earth. (NASA map by Robert Simmon, from CleanTOPO2 data.)

The Leepa Valley is valley in Azad Kashmir which is the Pakistani administered part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir now in Pakistan. It is located 45 kilometres (28 mi) from Muzaffarabad. The valley has many extravagant touristic scenes. It has high peak green mountains covered with pines trees. In the entire winter season the Leepa valley is covered with snow. The valley is divided into the Leepa, Reshian, Dao Khan, and Chananian sections and is open to tourists from May to November.

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  1. Height of human stupidity.. Talking about irrational political issues over a geological fact..
    Universe and Human Stupidity are infinite.. I am not sure about the former– Albert Einstein

    1. Well, I agree, I must admitt I don’t fully understand the situation cause I live far away (Croatia) but there should be referendum or some kind of right for people living there to decide it, but I assume there is lot of politocracy and politricks involved.

    2. I visited this area of volcano erruption on 4-December, 2011. This vocano eruption happened at two location about 1km away from each other. The common thing observed was, the presence of an electric pole at both places.
      There is a phenomenon described in Geology literatures as ‘Fulgrite”. The Fulgrite is the name given to fused quartz (SIO2), which has been fused into glass by the action of lightening striking to the ground surface and locally melting sand, soil or rock, and some times interior of rock.
      Lightening traveled throuh the poles to earth and caused the eruption of melted rock.
      So there was not any volcano eruption and also there is not any burried fault there. This is only misconception.
      I collected the samples and analysed carefully with the description given in literature. I could not find any difference in both.

      By: Fiaz Hanif Sendhu

      1. I find it vy interesting to note presence of an electric pylon near the lava effusive sites. I had worked in Ziarat in Jan-Feb last year. There was an electric pole in close vicinity at Sari locality where lava (Not Fulgrite) erupted on the surface. There was no lightening striking the pylon. The geophysical survey also confirmed my findings of presence of subsurface molten material which might be not possible thru localized fulgrite formation. However trachyte basalt can not be ruled out at all these three places in Ziarat Valley Balochistan and Leepa Valley Kashmir.

  2. chillymanjaro commented on The Watchers:

    Map is created for showing the valley areas rather than political situation. This map shows Kashmir as it for it self, not belonging to India, Pakistan or China but as geographical area. [Today Kashmir denotes a larger area that includes the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir (the Kashmir valley, Jammu and Ladakh), the Pakistani-administered Gilgit-Baltistan and the Azad Kashmir provinces, and the Chinese-administered regions of Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract.]

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